A certain percentage of oil production today involves the handling of water in addition to the handling of crude oil. Water remaining in emulsion after the free water is settled must be further separated. Applying heat reduces the viscosity of the oil and oil-water emulsion, weakening the film making it easier for the water droplets to settle out. The energy transferred to the emulsion by the increase in temperature increases the movement of the water droplets and affords more collisions between droplets per unit time. Heating is accomplished by direct contact with the firetube wall.
Absolute offers both horizontal and vertical heater treaters in a variety of sizes and operating conditions.